Objectivism is named for one of its key concepts that it emphasizes and upholds—the concept of “objectivity.” Ayn Rand said this about objectivity in part: “It pertains to the relationship of consciousness to existence. Metaphysically [by the nature of reality—my comment], it is the recognition of the fact that reality exists independent of any perceiver’s consciousness.” In general philosophy, this “recognition” is a position called “metaphysical objectivity”; in Objectivism, it is known as the “Primacy of Existence.”
Like the law of causality, it is a law inherent in existence, and it describes the precise role of consciousness in relation to existence. It is the most important principle in Metaphysics, and is a further corollary of the axioms and the law of causality. I will describe how one could reach the primacy of existence from experience. Then I will explain the opposition to this view, the primacy of consciousness. Afterwards, I’ll explain a process for reaching generalized knowledge like the axioms without using strict induction, using the process of Aristotle’s that has been named “intuitive induction.” Lastly, I’ll answer an objection about the mind’s control over the body in light of the primacy of existence.